Embargo estadounidense sobre Cuba y devolver Guantánamo a Cuba

Carta Abierta al Presidente Obama para que tome medidas concretas sobre el fin del bloqueo

Damos la bienvenida a la decisión del Presidente Obama de viajar 
a Cuba para mantener conversaciones con el gobierno cubano.
Nosotros individuos y organizaciones firmantes llamamos al 
Presidente Obama a tomar acciones concretas sobre dos cuestiones 
pendientes para restablecer las relaciones diplomáticas normales 
entre los dos países:
1. Poner fin a los 54 años de  bloqueo/embargo de Cuba 
2. Devolver Guantanamo,  territorio ocupado ilegalmete por los 
EE.UU a Cuba 
 
Impacto económico del embargo / bloqueo a Cuba
 
 Cuba perdió al menos US $ 117 mil millones entre 1960 y 2014 debido al bloqueo económico de Estados Unidos, según la Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe de las Naciones Unidas.(1)
El embargo/bloqueo no sólo perjudica a Cuba , sino también a los Estados Unidos. La Cámara de Comercio de Estados Unidos que aboga por el levantamiento del embargo, afirma que el costo para la economía de Estados Unidos por los 54 años de sanciones van desde $1,2 a US $3,6 mil millones por año.(2)
 
En relacion al bloqueo de Cuba, Obama puede ejercer su autoridad en las siguientes áreas:
 
1) autorizar el uso del dólar en transacciones internacionales;
2) permitir a Cuba importar productos con más de 10% de componentes estadounidenses, de   terceros países;  
3) permitir que entidades cubanas abran cuentas en bancos estadounidenses;
4) terminar la política de persecución financiera contra Cuba;  
5) no impedir la concesión de créditos u otras facilidades financieras;  
6)  permitir la importación de productos o servicios exportables de Cuba;
7)  autorizar a aviones y barcos cubanos a transportar pasajeros, carga y correo entre los dos países;  
8)  autorizar las exportaciones directas de productos estadounidenses a Cuba;
9)  autorizar a empresas invertir en Cuba (empresas internacionales han presentado más de 400 propuestas de inversión en la Zona Económica de Mariel);  
10) eliminar el límite de los productos cubanos que pueden ser importados por visitantes estadounidenses a Cuba;
11)  autorizar a ciudadanas/os estadounidenses que puedan recibir tratamiento médico en Cuba;  
12)  permitir la distribución de crédito, préstamos y financiación para la adquisición de productos en el mercado estadounidense.  
 
 La Base Naval de Estados Unidos en Guantánamo
  La base de Guantánamo cumplio 113 años a partir del 23 de febrero de 2016. Fue la primera base de Estados Unidos en nuestro hemisferio y es la base más antigua de Estados Unidos en el mundo , y la única en que el país de acogida carece de autoridad contractual para revocarla unilateralmente.
 
Pedimos al presidente Obama poner en práctica estas acciones para aliviar el bloqueo de Estados Unidos contra Cuba y establecer un itinerario para el retorno de la base de Guantánamo a la nación cubana.
 
Individualidades y Organizaciones firmantes
 
Noam Chomsky
Chicago ALBA Solidarity Committee
Medea Benjamin, Co-founder, Code Pink
SOA Watch
Rev. Michael Kinnamon, former General Secretary, National Council of Churches
IFCO/Pastors for Peace
Glen Ford, Executive Editor, Black Agenda Report
Tom Hayden
Carl Rosen, President of Western Region, United Electrical Workers (UE)
Chuck Kaufman, National Coordinator, Alliance for Global Justice
 
Eva Golinger, Journalist/writer, The Chavez Code; Bush vs Chavez
Marjorie Cohn, past President, National Lawyers Guild; Prof., Thomas Jefferson School of Law
Rev. Joan Brown Campbell, former General Secretary, National Council of Churches
Cindy Sheehan, Author/Activist
James Early, Board member, Institute for Policy Studies, Regional Articulation of Afro- Descendants, Latin America and Caribbean
Kevin Martin, Executive Director, Peace Action
Council on Hemispheric Affairs
Council on Latin American Relations
Leah Bolger, CDR, USN (Ret), former National President, Veterans For Peace
 
José E. López, Executive Director, Puerto Rico Cultural Center
Fred Hirsch, Delegate to the South Bay Labor Council
Cristina Vazquez,  International Vice President, Workers United WSRJB 52, SEIU
Task Force on the Americas
International Leonard Peltier Defense Committee
Blasé Bonpane, Office of the Americas
Rev. Kristin Stoneking, Executive Director, Fellowship of Reconciliation
Dave Welsh, Delegate, San Francisco Labor Council
Dan Kovalik, USW Associate General Counsel
Alicia Jrapko, US Coordinator, International Committee for Peace, Justice and Dignity
 
National Lawyers Guild, Cuba Subcommittee
Bill Preston,  AFGE Local 17 President
David McReynolds, War Resisters League (retired)
Jane Franklin, Historian, Cuba and the United States, A Chronological History
Alex Main, Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR)
Historians Against the War
Delvis Fernandez Levy, Cuban American Alliance
Walter Lippmann, CubaNews, Los Angeles
Tiana Ocasio, President, Connecticut Chapter, Labor Council for Latin American Advancement
Stephen Kimber, journalist, author, What Lies Across the Water, The Real Story of the Cuban 5
 
David Swanson, author, WorldBeyondWar.org, WarisaCrime.org
New Internationalism Project of Institute for Policy Studies (IPS)
Alejandro Molina, Michelle Morales, National Boricua Human Rights Network; Campaign to
Free Oscar Lopez Rivera
Sara Flounders, Co-Director, International Action Center
Rabbi Brant Rosen
John McAuliff, Executive Director, Fund for Reconciliation and Development; Coordinator, Cuba-US People to People Partnership
Hon. Jim Ferlo, President, Pittsburgh-Matanzas-Sister Cities Association
(Former City Council President and PA State Senator 1988-2014, now retired)
 
Salim Lamrani, author, The Economic War Against Cuba
Tom Hansen, International Education Director, Mexico Solidarity Network
Arnold August, journalist, author, Cuba and its Neighbours: Democracy in Motion
Dan Beeton, CEPR
Reese Erlich, author, Dateline Havana
Albert A. Fox, Jr., President, Alliance for Responsible Cuba Policy Foundation
RootsAction.org
Joe Iosbaker. Co-Chair, SEIU Local 73 Joint Bargaining Committee at UIC
Richard Berg, past President, Teamsters Local 743
Art Heitzer, Wisconsin Coalition to Normalize Relations with Cuba
 
 Pam Africa, Suzanne Ross, International Concerned Family and Friends of Mumia Abu-Jamal 
Matt Meyer. War Resisters International; International Peace Research Association
Keith Bolender, author, Voices From the Other Side: An Oral History of Terrorism Against CubaCuba Under Siege: American Policy, the Revolution and Its People
Bob Guild, Vice President, Marazul Charters, Inc.
Charles A. Serrano, ASG International, Inc.
Elizabeth Hill, President, Canadian-Cuban Friendship Association Toronto
Mike Beilstein, Corvallis,OR City Councilor
8th Day Center for Justice
Lisa Valanti, President US-CUBA Sister Cities Association
 
Church Women United, New York State
Chicago Religious Leadership Network on Latin America
St. Louis Inter-Faith Committee on Latin America
Kathy Kelly, Voices for Creative Nonviolence
The Friendship Association (formerly St. Augustine-Baracoa Friendship Association)
Minnesota Cuba Committee
Wendy Thompson. former Pres. L. 235, UAW, American Axle Detroit Gear & Axle
Felix Masud-Piloto, Professor of History, DePaul University
Alice Slater, Nuclear Age Peace Foundation
Catherine Murphy, The Literacy Project
 
Marcela Vásquez-León, Director, Center for Latin American Studies, University of Arizona
Dereka Rushbrook, Associate Professor, School of Geography & Development; Co-Director, Contemporary Cuba Study Abroad Program, University of Arizona 
Vancouver Communities in Solidarity with Cuba
US Women and Cuba Collaboration
Let Cuba Live Committee of Maine
Heide Trampus, Coordinator, Worker to Worker, Canada-Cuba Labour Solidarity Network
H. Bruce Franklin, Author
Seattle/Cuba Friendship Committee
Portland Central America Solidarity Committee
 
Ken Crowley, National Delegations Organizer, Witness for Peace
Houston Peace and Justice Center
Rochester Committee on Latin America (ROCLA)
Kentucky Interfaith on Latin America and the Caribbean
Graciela Sanchez, Executive Director Esperanza Peace and Justice Center (Texas)
Pedro Cabán, Professor and Chair, Latin American, Caribbean and U.S. Latino Studies
University at Albany
Sacramento Action for Latin America
Charlotte Koons, co-founder, Code Pink-Long Island, Women for Peace
Friends of Cuba Against the Blockade - Vancouver
Nino Pagliccia, activist, author, Cuba Solidarity in Canada
 
CUBAmistad (Bloomington, IN)
Leslie Salgado, Chair, Howard County Friends of Latin America
John Laun, Colombia Support Network
Gabriel Hetland, Assistant Professor, Latin American, Caribbean and U.S. Latino Studies, University at Albany, SUNY
Latin American and Caribbean Solidarity Committee, DC Metropolitan Area 
Kathryn Albrecht, journalist/writer, Nueva Mexico
Shirley Warren, New Paltz Women In Black
Laurence H. Shoup, author, Wall Street's Think Tank: the Council on Foreign Relations and the Empire of Neoliberal Geopolitics 1976-2014
 
Nebraskans for Peace
Corinne Willinger, Granny Peace Brigade, NYC Metro Raging Grannies
African Awareness Association
Rockford Peace and Justice Action Committee
All-African People's Revolutionary Party (GC)
Rebecca Navarrete-Davis, President Berkeley-Palma Soriano Sister City Association
Greater Hartford Coalition on Cuba
Barbara G. Harris, Granny Peace Brigade
Meredith Aby, Miinnesota Anti-War Committee
LELO (Legacy of Leadership, Equality and Organizing)

Carl Finamore, Machinist Lodge 1781 delegate, San Francisco Labor Council, AFL-CIO
Kait McIntyre, Chicago Anti-War Committee
Rev. Mother Marcy, founder, Public Intellectuals for Social and Spare Change
Charles Newlin, Coordinating Committee Linn-Benton Pacific Green Party (Oregon)
Bert Hestroffer, Int'l Brotherhood of Teamsters
Marc Becker, Professor of Latin American History,Truman State University
Christine Preble, Ass. Professor and Undergraduate Program Director  Depart. of Latin American, Caribbean, and U.S. Latino Studies, University at Albany, SUNY
Michael Martin, Professor, Media School, Indiana University
Sarah Blue, Assistant Professor of Geography, Texas State University
 
Marcela Vásquez-León, Dir., Center for Latin American Studies, Ass. Professor, Univ. of Arizona
Dianne Post, International Human Rights Attorney, Phoenix, AZ 
Ann Eagan, Treasurer, Manhattan Green Party
Francis Shor, Professor Emeritus, History, Wayne State University
Sherry Millner, Professor, CUNY, College of Staten Island.
Lucille Roussin, Professor and Director Holocaust Restitution Claims Practicum, Cardozo School of Law(NYC)
Cole Harrison, Executive Director, Massachusetts Peace Action
William H. Slavick, Prof.of English, U. of Southern Maine (retired)

Hermann Engelhardt, Senior Research Associate in Geophysics, Emeritus, California Institute of Technology (Cal Tech)

Ken Hayes SOAW-Austin, TX
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(2) Hanson Daniel, Dayne Batten & Harrison Ealey. "It's Time For The U.S. To End Its Senseless Embargo Of Cuba," Forbes Magazine.  http://www.forbes.com/sites/realspin/2013/01/16/its-time-for-the-u-s-to-end-its-senseless-embargo-of-cuba/
 
The US International Trade Commission makes a similar estimate:
 
“By 1992, U.S. businesses had lost over $30 billion in trade over the previous thirty years, according to researchers from Johns Hopkins. At that time, Cuba’s loss for the same period was smaller, but not by much: $28.6 billion, according to Cuba’s Institute of Economic Research.” http://www.dollarsandsense.org/archives/2009/0309pepper.html
 
A study by the Cuba Policy Foundation estimated that the annual cost to the US economy could be  $4.84 billion in agricultural exports and related economic output. "America's Farmers Bearing Heavy Burden for U.S. Embargo Against Cuba: New Report," www.cubafoundation.org, Jan. 28, 2002

*Chicago ALBA Solidarity Committee
 
 
stansfieldsmith@yahoo.com

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